Restoration and consolidation of the Roman theatre of Medellin
Dating of the building: 1st century BC.
Applicant: Trinidad Nogales.
Reason for the award :
The jury was impressed by the thoroughness of the work, as well as the importance of this project for the recovery and conservation of the ancient Roman Theatre of Medellin.
The works on the southern slope of Cerro del Castillo have brought to light one of the best-preserved Roman theatres in Spain.
The Roman theatre of Medellin is an obligatory historical reference to determine the specific location of the almost disappeared Colonia Metellinensis, thanks to the fact that its structures never entirely disappeared. However, it was not until the beginning of the 20th century when it was possible to determine that the remains were from a Roman theatre and not from a circus, as previously thought. Between 1969 and 1970, the first archaeological excavation was carried out on the visible remains of the theatre, exhuming part of its structure during the intervention. After a long period of neglect, excavations were resumed in 2007, documenting the historical sequence of the historic site up to the recent prehistoric era.
The structure is partly reminiscent of the Greek theatre model, as it adjusts to the natural unevenness of the slope, accommodating itself to the existing topography. Restoration work has devoted much effort to the preservation of the different types of Roman opus (caementicium, latericium, incertum, and quadratum), as well as the orchestra marble and approximately 800 ashlars that still exist in the original stands. The transformation of an abandoned area, the hill on the southern slope of Cerro del Castillo, into an archaeological site that can be visited and recognized has been backed by the municipality of Medellin, where the Metellinense Historical Association has been established.